Aphasie – Aphasia:
The loss of a previously held ability to speak or understand spoken or written language, due to disease or injury of the brain. For example, a stroke.
Artikulationsstörung – Articulation disorder:
An inability to speak due to a defect of the organs of speech resulting in defective pronunciation of sounds.
Aspiration – Aspiration:
Without a swallow reflex, food and liquids can enter the airway.
Ataxie – Ataxia:
Loss of coordination of the muscles, especially of the extremities.
Auditive Verarbeitungs- und Wahrnehmungsstörung – Auditory processing and sensory disorder (APD):
Individuals with APD have normal peripheral hearing but the way the brain processes auditory information is affected.
Quelle: "Leitfaden Sprache Sprechen Stimme Schlucken" von J.Siegmüller und H.Bartels / Urban&Fischer Verlag.